The Kimberley ProcessThe Kimberley process is a method or system through which all the trades which are taking place for diamonds illegally would be removed. This would especially help to eradicate the presence of conflict diamonds. The Kimberley process was first established after most of the states that were producing diamonds in South Africa held a meeting in Kimberley to discuss and find a solution to the elimination of the blood diamonds in the country. They also wanted to make sure that most of the blood diamonds and the trade between conflict diamonds did not put the sale of these diamonds in the wrong hands. With this worry fresh in their minds, they established the Kimberley Process which was a certification scheme which becomes operational in 2003. This had to happen after the UN found so many links between the presence of diamonds and the way in which the rebel movement in South Africa was being sponsored.
For countries that want to join the Kimberley process, they would have to meet some certain conditions before they would be allowed to join. While there are certain requirements which would have to be met, the Kimberley process has no restrictions placed on them.
How many countries are part of the Kimberley Process?The certification scheme currently has about 81 countries in total who have a total of 54 representatives which are present in the scheme. It is important at this point to note what the process is about. The Kimberley process allows members of this scheme to mine the raw diamonds. In other words, what this means is that the majority of the world’s diamonds are sourced from this scheme. Another reason why the Kimberley process is on the right path is due to the presence of the World Diamond Council. The world diamond council has been instrumental to most of the development which has taken place in the scheme up until now.
How do they operate?Every representative who is presently in the Kimberley process would have to fulfill a lot of requirements before they would be allowed to participate in this process. One of the reasons for the requirements is to ensure that all transportation of the raw diamonds would be done without any threat of conflict along the way. The representative of the Kimberley process ensures the safety of the diamonds by ensuring that they take the legal route when transporting the diamonds and stay far away from illegitimate trade. If a country is part of the Kimberley process, then they would have to make sure that they meet a certain requirement in order to remain in the scheme. This would also allow them to be able to trade these diamonds with other states who are also part of the scheme. Without meeting the minimum requirement, they stand a chance of getting kicked out of the certification process. The Kimberley process also extends to the international process. The raw diamonds which are being transported from one place to another and across countries must have evidence of being controlled by the Kimberley process. Without this evidence, it would not be possible for the diamonds to be traded.